24 Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
An illustrative parable. Wheat and weeds growing together. Let them. God will sort out the wheat, and destroy the weeds in his own time.
Weeds, zizanion, is probably darnel, a weed that resembles wheat in its early growth, but is easily distinguished in maturity.
The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast
31 He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. 32 Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.”
God conquers your heart and calls you to dwell in the Kingdom of heaven, little by little. It comes into your heart like a mustard seed, but will eventually feed and shelter many.
ESV–Israel was not prepared for the insignificant beginnings of the Kingdom of God so this image would have shocked the listeners.
The Kingdom of God would spread throughout the world, and believers from all nations would find rest in it.
A little bit of the yeast of Christ can change a lot in one’s life, and circumstances.
Like yeast in bread, the conversion of an individual to a citizen of the Kingdom of Heaven, to becoming Christ’s man or woman, is active, though not fully visible at first, since it begins with an inner transformation of the heart.
NIV Yeast here is a symbol of growth. As yeast permeates dough, so the kingdom of heaven spreads through a person’s life. Or it may signify the growth of the Kingdom by the inner working of the Holy Spirit, using God’s word.
The Parable of the Weeds Explained
36 Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field.”
The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl
44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field. When a man found it, he hid it again, and then in his joy went and sold all he had and bought that field.
ESV The Parable emphasized the supreme value of the hidden treasure.
45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls. 46 When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it.
47 “Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds of fish. 48 When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. Then they sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the bad away. 49 This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous 50 and throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Good and evil live together until the time of judgement.
ESV They understand how the “new” revelation of Jesus fulfills the old promises of the Old Testament.
A Prophet Without Honor
53 When Jesus had finished these parables, he moved on from there. 54 Coming to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they were amazed. “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?” they asked. 55 “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t his mother’s name Mary, and aren’t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas? 56Aren’t all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things?” 57 And they took offense at him.
They thought he was a jumped-up hometown boy. They did not see the marvelous and miraculous in and about him. And so, he did no miracles there, did not cast his pearls before swine.
Jesus aligns himself with the OT prophets who had revealed God’s will for the people of Israel but had consistently been rejected by them.
The Spirit does not force his miracles on a hostile skeptical audience.
Matthew’s gospel frequently stresses the close relationship between faith and miracles.